Project Description

CRETE

Crete is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands and it bounds the southern border of the Aegean Sea. Heraklion City is the largest city and the administrative capital of the island of Crete. Chania is the second largest city of Crete, followed by Rethymno and Agios Nikolaos.

The Archaeological Museum is located in Heraklion. It is one of the greatest museums in Greece and the best in the world for Minoan art, as it contains the most notable and complete collection of artefacts of the Minoan civilization of Crete.

The Lions Fountain Square is an ornate Venetian fountain with four lions with water gushing from their mouths and it dates to the Venetian era.

Knossos is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and has been called Europe’s oldest city. The palace of Knossos eventually became the ceremonial and political center of the Minoan civilization and culture.

CretAquarium is the biggest Aquarium in Greece and an expert in presenting species and ecosystems of the Mediterranean, a sea of unique biodiversity, housing more than 2000 sea creatures.

Masterfully built in the 14th century, for commercial purposes and for protection against pirate raids, the Venetian Port of Chania is nowadays the most characteristic, most photographed and at the same time magical part of the city of Chania.

The Venizelos Tombs are a site and attraction next to the historic church of Profitis Ilias in Crete. These are the tombs of the charismatic Greek politician and seven-time Prime Minister of Greece Eleftherios Venizelos and the son of Sophocles Venizelos, who served as Prime Minister for a short time in the middle of the 20th century.

The Municipal Market of Chania is in the center of Chania. Its foundation began on August 14, 1911, at the point where the main bastion of the fortifications stood during the Venetian occupation, while the construction of the building was completed in the second half of 1913.

The Fortezza (from Italian for “fortress”) is the citadel of the city of Rethymno, Crete. It was built by the Venetians in the 16th century and was captured by the Ottomans in 1646. By the early 20th century, many houses were built within the citadel. These were demolished after World War II, leaving only a few historic buildings within the Fortezza. Today, the citadel is in good condition and is open to the public.

The Holy Monastery of Arkadi is a historical Monastery in Rethymno. It was founded by a monk named Arkadios (not by the Byzantine emperor Arkadios). The first form of the monastery is probably built either during the period 961 to 1014, or in the first years of Venetian rule.

Elounda is located on the north coast of Crete, is part of Agios Nikolaos and is one of the most famous tourist resorts in Greece as it has large hotel units that make it an attraction not only for Greeks but also for many tourists.

Spinalonga is an island located in the Gulf of Elounda, in Lasithi, next to the town of Plaka. The island has also been used as a leper colony.

The Palm Forest of Vai is located at the eastern tip of Crete by the sea, specifically on the Cretan coast of the Carpathian Sea, a little north of the village of Palekastro. It is one of the 19 Aesthetic Forests of Greece in which it joined in 1973. The reason for its inclusion in the category of protected natural areas is the existence of the endemic Cretan palm. This particular palm tree is known from the Minoan era and is called the palm tree of Theophrastus.