Nafplio was an important seaport held under a succession of royal houses in the Middle Ages. The town was the capital of the Kingdom of Greece, from 1831 until 1834. Nafplio’s Old Town, with its neoclassical houses, picturesque streets, flowered balconies, and its Turkish fountains, has a charm of another era that seduces all its visitors.
One of Nafplio’s great sightseeing landscapes is the Fortress of Palamidi. It was fortified in the 3rd century BC and dominates the landscape. Even though you can reach the fortress by car, you should try to climb all its 999 steps carved into the rock to reach the west gate of the fortress. The view from above here is totally worth it.
On the islet near the harbour, the Venetians built the Bourtzi Fortress as a defensive tower in 1471. The Turkish invaders, who also dropped huge rocks around the fortress to prevent any boat from coming near it, reinforced the walls of the hexagonal structure in 1711. During the revolution, the Greeks won the tower back, and it served as a fortress and a home for the executioners who carried out the death sentences of the prisoners, until 1865.
Corinth is a city – state near the Isthmus of Corinth, the narrow stretch of land that joins the Peloponnese to the mainland of Greece, roughly halfway between Athens and Sparta.
The Corinth Canal is a canal that connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea. It is impassable for most modern ships.
Epidaurus was inhabited since the Neolithic times; the first significant settlement was at the Mycenaean period. The theatre has a capacity of about 12.300 spectators, and it is one largest theatres in antiquity. Ancient Epidaurus Located on the eastern side of Peloponnese, and it is mostly famous for its open theatre with the impressive acoustics.
The Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus was constructed at 4th century AD, next to the Sanctuary of Asclepius, the healing god.
Mycenae, the kingdom of mythical Agamemnon, The King of Mycenae, first sung by Homer in his epics, is the most important and richest palatial center of the Late Bronze Age in Greece.
The characteristic of the Mycenaean walls is that they are made of huge limestone boulders, which have been fitted together rather roughly. As these boulders are very big in size, the ancient people believed that it was the Cyclops who built these gates, hence the name Cyclopean Walls.
The Lion Gate was the main entrance of the Bronze Age citadel of Mycenae and was erected during the 13th century BC.
The natural beauty of Messinia with the indented shores, sandy beaches, forested mountains and fertile valleys, coexists with significant archaeological monuments.
Kalamata, the capital and central port of Messinia, is situated at the site of ancient Farai and is the second most populous city of the Peloponnese peninsula, after Patra.
The castle of Kalamata dominates in the northwestern part of the city at a low rocky hill. Its foundation dates to the Byzantine period, but its current form is based on great reconstruction by the franc prince and founder of the principality of Achaia, in the early 13th century.
Most of the area of Ancient Messene contains the ruins of the large classical city-state of Messene refounded by Epaminondas in 369 BC Other Roman additions to the site in the 2nd century CE, include a temple of Hygeia, a large bath building and a small Odeon.
The statue of Artemis Laphria was found in the room with the marble pavement east of the Asklepieion.
Must-see attractions include the City Hall, the Benakeion Archaeological Museum with findings dating from the Bronze Age to the Roman period and the Metropolitan Panagia Ipapanti.
The Folklore and History Museum exhibits traditional objects and relics from the 1821 Greek War of Independence.
The Railways Park is a must, showcasing old motorcycles and railway wagons.
Olympia is a small town on the Peloponnese peninsula in Greece, famous for the nearby archaeological site of the same name, which was a major Panhellenic religious sanctuary of ancient Greece, where the ancient Olympic Games were held every four years.
The archaeological site held over 70 significant buildings, and ruins of many of these survive, although the main Temple of Zeus survives only as stones on the ground. The site is a major tourist attraction, and has two museums, one devoted to the ancient and modern games.
The Temple of Hera was the oldest temple at Olympia and one of the most venerable in all Greece. It was originally a joint temple of Hera and Zeus, chief of the gods, until a separate temple was built for him.
The Council House was one of the most ancient and important buildings of the sanctuary of Olympia. Situated south of the temple of Zeus, this is where the athletes registered and drew lots, and where their names and the program of events were announced. It was also where any offences and pleas were tried, and where penalties were decided.
The Ancient Gymnasium was walled all around, and the large court at the center was the same length as the actual Olympic stadium, so that athletes could run the same distance during training as they would during the Games.
The Museum of History of the Olympic Games presents more than 400 exhibits, dated from the prehistoric period to the 5th century A.D. The majority comes from Olympia, but also on display there are many ancient works of art from other important sites of Greece.
Patra is the most populous city of the Peloponnese peninsula.
The Patras Medieval Fortress was built around the mid-6th century A.D above the ruins of the ancient acropolis of the city of Patras. The fort remained in use, even until the Second World War. In the Byzantine period, it was besieged by Slavs, Saracens, Normans and many others, but it never fell.
The Roman Odeon is located on the west side of Patra. It was built before the Odeon of Athens in front of which stands the statue of Apollo.
The Rio – Antirio Bridge is one of the world’s longest multi-span cable-stayed bridges and longest of the fully suspended type. It crosses the Gulf of Corinth near Patras, linking the town of Rio on the Peloponnese peninsula to Antirio on mainland Greece by road. It opened one day before the Athens 2004 Summer Olympics, on 12 August 2004, and was used to transport the Olympic Flame.
Monemvasia is a town and a municipality in Laconia, Greece. The town is located on a small island off the east coast of the Peloponnese. Its area consists mostly of a powerful medieval fortress. The town walls and many Byzantine churches remain from the medieval period.